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Medical and Surgical Retina

Diabetic Retinopathy

best eye hospital Kannur

Diabetic retinopathy is the retinal changes as the complication due to diabetic mellitus . It is the common cause of severe bilateral visual loss in working age group.


Asymptomatic in early stages

Blurred vision

Fluctuating vision

Dark areas in the vision

Poor night vision

Impaired colour vision

Partial or total loss of vision

Risk factors

Duration of having diabeties

Poor glucose control




Others : obesity, smoking, hyperlipidimea


Visual acuity test

Pupil dilation

Direct or indirect ophthalmoscopy

Fundus fluorescien angiography

Optical coherence tomography


Laser Photocoagulation

Laser treatment usually works very well to prevent vision loss if its done before the retina has been severely damaged.

  • Focal laser
  • Grid laser
  • Pan retinal photo coagulation

Intravitreal steriods

Triamicinolone acetonide.

Diabetic retinopathy is preventable through strict glycemic control & annual dilated eye exam by an ophthalmologist.

Intravitreal anti – VEGF therapy

Anti – VEGFmedicines slow the growth of abnormal blood vessels in the retina Eg : lucentis, avastin